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India – The First Advanced Civilization

There is not much to argue that life started in African continent and later they migrated through Indian Ocean to South India and to Australia, which were later called aboriginal. It is in central Asia especially Indian sub-continent that man started asking himself “Who am I? “What is the purpose of my life? Is it just eating and produce children and die one day or there is much more beyond this? When he realized that besides his body he has an entity called brain. This meditating path of self-discovery led to spirituality, birth of yoga and further developed into multifold civilization.

As per the extensive archeological surveys in different parts of India it has already been proved beyond any burden of doubt that Indians had well structured and planned city system maintained by very sophisticated road and sewer system close to modern standards. Many evidences support that there were well designed ornaments and potteries thousands year back in India, Recently well developed Dwarika city has been found under the ocean.

Evidence of Sophisticated Nuclear Warfare and Time Capsule in India 3000 BC

Gradually much more evidences are emerging out from the archeological survey in Indus Valley especially Mohanjo-Daro and Harappa which points towards a very advanced civilization in Indus Valley. Indian many Vedic literatures have mentioned several such things about 7000 years back which are discovered and accepted in the light of modern science today. Earlier it was proved beyond doubt as per archeological survey in Indus Valley that Indian ancestors lived a very modern life style much before West started claiming so called civic society. So much so that today it is a matter of great astonishment for the West, which has taken all the credits for the nuclear advancement, that there was a nuclear warfare in ancient India, may be much more sophisticated than what we have today. It is evident as per the latest research done on the ruins of the ancient cities of Mahenjo-Daro and Harappa which were destroyed suddenly about 3000BC. In an epicenter which is approximately 150 feet wide in Mohenjo-Daro it is found that every thing was fused, melted, crystallized, even the bricks are melted from one side, about 180 feet from the centre suggesting a huge blast. Many scattered Skelton found suggests intense radioactivity much severe and destructive than in Hiroshima and Nagasaki.

This extreme phenomenon observed can only be due to the intense radio active sudden blast. This extreme type of radio active heat melted and fused skeletons with the metallic chairs cannot be due to natural burning flame or volcanic eruption. Not only this but researchers found the evidences of “Time Capsule” also as a number of documents are found buried in incomprehensive terms until today. The other evidences which suggests about an intense major radioactive blast are the brightness of the blast, fallout, high smoke and fire, victim’s appearances, radio-active poisoning, and intense shock and heat waves. In the ancient Indian text Mahabharat with 200 verses depicts the warfare with Brahmastra (Nuclear Weapon) the event which occurred about 3000 BC.

Not only India has been leaders in the field of spirituality, yoga, medicine, and surgery but Indians have lead the world in many other subjects such as Mathematics, Algebra, Astronomy, Atomic theory, Chemical Science, cosmology, and Aviation. If it is not very out of place, I would love to mention about these great Indian scientists whose original pioneer work should be recognised internationally. Many remarkable discoveries were made by Indian geniuses in their field much before it was brought to light in the West by Western scientists and philosophers. A small account of such geniuses and their remarkable discoveries and work is mentioned as follows:

Historic facts about some Indian Geniuses and their outstanding original discoveries

It may surprise many of us that many scientific discoveries which are claimed to come from West in fact originated as Indian soil by great Indian scientists and philosophers. I will mention these dates in terms of BCE (Before Common Era) and CE (Common Era). 1 CE is approximately the time when Buddhism was first introduced in China, or silk first appeared in Western Europe. As far as 1 BCE is concerned, it is calculated from the death of Herod the great, whose death is marked as 1BCE. Many historians believe that Herod died during 4 BCE. There is nothing to confuse about as it is just a change in terms and abbreviation. For example the date of Julius Caesar was assassinated is 44 BC ( Before Christ) will be termed as 44 BCE and Columbus discovered America in 1492 AD (Anno Domini – In the year of our lord Jesus Christ) it will be 1492 CE.

Acharya (Guru, Researcher, and Philosopher)Patanjali (200 BCE)

He is known as the Father of Yoga. He hailed from the district Gonda (Ganara) in North India (UP). In fact he is the one who initially originated the idea of Prana, the life breath as a conscious means to control the body, mind, and soul. His 84 yogic postures practically enhanced the functions of the nervous, respiratory, digestive, circulatory, and endocrinal functions and organs of the body. All the eight forms of yoga such as Yam, Niyam, Asan, Pranayam, Pratyahr, Dhyan, and Dharna help in achieving the ultimate bliss of God through Samadhi.

Acharya Charak (600 BCE)

He is also known as the father of Medicine. His extensive work in medical practice elaborating the principles, diagnoses, and treatment is known as “Charak Samhita” and is still considered as an encyclopedia of Ayurveda. At the time when Europeans were confused about different theories of the science of human anatomy he revealed the fundamental facts about human anatomy, physiology, embryology, pharmacology, and detailed discussion on diabetes, tuberculosis, and heart diseases. In “Charak Samhita” he has described the uses of more that 100,000 herbal plants and emphasised the importance of diet and body activity on mind and body. He mentioned the importance and correlation of spirituality and physical health in connection to diagnoses and treatment. He also prescribed the ethical oath for medical practitioners two centuries before the Hippocratic Oath.

Acharya Sushruta (600 BCE)

He is known as the father of plastic and general surgery. His “Sushruta Samhita” is a unique encyclopaedia of surgery in which he has described more than 300 types of operations, 125 types of surgical instruments, and many types of stitching materials using horse’s hair, and fibres of bark at that time. He was a pioneer in cranial and plastic surgery, fractures and dislocations, and surgery including amputation and caesarean section.

Aryabhatt (476 CE)

Born in Kusumpur (Bihar), at the age of 23 he wrote a book on astronomy and “Aryabhatiyam” on mathematics. He formulated the process of calculating the movements of planets and the times of eclipse. He was the first to proclaim that the earth is round and it rotates on its axis, orbits the sun and is suspended in the space. This was more than 1000 years before Copernicus published his heliocentric theory. He also described the process of calculation of P (Pi) to four decimal places: 3.1416 and the sine table in trigonometry. Centuries later in 835 CE, an Arab mathematician, Mohammad Ibna Musa credited the value of Pi to Indian Hindus. The important concept of Zero was introduced by Aryabhatt, without which modern computer technology would have been non-existant.

Bhaskaracharya (1114-1183 CE)

Born in Vajjadit (Jalgoan) in Maharastra, is known as the genius in Algebra. His renowned mathematical work is called “Lilavati”, and “Bijaganita,” and in his treatise “Siddhant Shiromani” he describes the planetary positions, eclipse, cosmography, mathematical techniques, and astronomical instruments. He describes the force of gravity in “Surya Siddhant” as “Objects fall on earth due to a force of attraction by the earth”. He was the first to discover gravity, 500 years before Sir Isaac Newton. He also described the reason that how the earth, moon, sun, and other planets are held in orbit due to this attraction.

Acharya Kanad (600 BCE)

Born in Prabhas Kshetra near Dwarika in Gujrat, is the founder of “Vaisheshik Darshan” the atomic theory. He classified all the objects of creation into nine elements namely: earth, water, light, wind, ether, time, space, mind, and soul. As per his theory, “Every object of creation is made of atoms, which in turn connect with other to form molecules.” His statement ushered in the atomic theory for the very first time in the world approximately 2500 years before John Dalton. Kanad has also described the dimensions and motions of atoms and their chemical reactions with each other. The eminent historian T.N. Colebrook has said “Compared to the scientists of Europe, Kanad and other Indian scientists were the global masters of this field”.

Nagarjuna (100 CE)

Born in the village of Baluka in Madhya Pradesh, was an extraordinary wizard of chemical science. His masterpieces such as “Ras Ratnakar”, Rashrudaya”, and “Rasendramangal” are renowned contributions in the field of the science of Chemistry. Where the medieval English alchemists failed, he discovered the alchemy of transmuting base metal into gold. He also authored medical books such as “Arogyamanjari” and “Yogasar” which made significant contribution to the field of curative medicine. He was appointed the Chancellor of famous Nalanda University.

Varahamihir (499-587 CE)

He is a renowned astrologer and astronomer lived in Avanti (Ujjan). He mentioned that the moon and planets are lustrous due to sunlight. His books are known for his many discoveries in the domain of geography, constellations, science, botany, and animal science. He also mentioned cures for various diseases affecting plants and trees. He is known for his extraordinary books “ Bruhad Samhita:, “Bruhad Jatak”, “Panchsiddhant,” and his unique contribution to the science of astrology and astronomy.

Acharya Bharadwaj (800 BCE)

He had an hermitage (Ashram) in the holy city of Prayag and was an expert in Ayurveda and the mechanical sciences. He is known as the pioneer of aviation. He authored the “Yantra Sarvasava” which deals with extraordinary discoveries in aviation science. He described three categories of flying machines:

1. One that flies on earth from one place to other. 2. One that travels from one planet to another. 3. One that travels from one universe to another.

His designs and discoveries have influenced the aviation engineers of today. His brilliance in aviation technology is further reflected in techniques described by him:

1. Profound Secret: The technique to make a flying machine invisible through the application of sunlight and wind force. 2. Living Secret: The technique to make an invisible space machine visible through the application of electrical force. 3. Secret of Eavesdropping: The technique to listen to a conversation in another plane. 4. Visual Secret: The technique to see what is happening inside another plane.

Acharya Kapil (3000BCE)

He is the celebrated founder of Sankhya philosophy, the father of Cosmology, believed to have been born in 3000 BCE to the illustrious sage Kardam and Devhuti. His work threw light on the nature and principles of ultimate Soul (Purusha), primal matter (Prakruti), and creation. His concept of the transformation of energy and profound commentaries on Atma, Non-Atma, and subtle elements of the cosmos placed him in an elite class of master’s achievers. Due to his extraordinary observations and revelations on the secrets of creation, he is recognised as the father of cosmology.

Secularism, Democracy, respect for each other belief and religious sentiments is suppose to be a great sign of civilization in today’s context. India has always be very liberal and secular country as explained by the following:

Religious discrimination of faith verses Indian Secular philosophy and trust

It is interesting to note that there are hundreds of divisions in Christianity and they all not only think themselves superior to each other, closer to Christ, but also will not allow others into their own churches, they are so self-centered. For example, the Latin Catholic will not enter the Syrian Catholic Church, these two groups of Christians will not enter the Salvation Army Church, and these three will not enter the Penthacostal Church, all of these four groups will not enter the 7th Day Adventist Church, and the same way all of these groups will not enter an Orthodox Church, and all the above will not enter a Jacobite Church. They will not share their churches although there is one Christ, One Bible, One Jehovah, It shows how much discrimination is among themselves.

In the same way, among Muslims, Shia and Sunni kill each other in all Muslim countries. Religious riots in Muslim countries are always between these two fundamentalist believers. The Shia will not go to Sunni mosque, these two will not enter an Ahamadiya mosque, while these three believers will not go to a Sufi mosque, and these four groups will not enter a Mujahiddin mosque, although there is one Allah, one Quran, One Nebi, It seems that there is no trust and unity even among themselves.

For Hindus there are 1280 books, 10, 000 commentaries, more than 100,000 sub-commentaries on these foundation books, 330 million gods, a lot of Acharyas, thousands of Rishies, hundred of languages, but still everyone goes to the different temples without any discrimination. There may not be unity among Hindus as such, but or there has been no discrimination, and fights in the name of religion for more than ten thousand years. Hindus respect the belief in religions sentiments of others. Every man of his community and religion only focuses on their welfare, but Hindus always wish and pray “Loka Samasta Sukhino Bhawanti” means health, happiness, peace, and prosperity for all the living creatures of the whole world.

Even India Calendar and division of different eras were very clearly defined much before the western calculations and calendar came in practical approach. As per India system there are four eras which are followed after one another is sequence and the cycle of the time is in continuous circulation. As per India Scholars there are four eras (Yuga) as follows:

Satya Yug

4000 divine years (Golden age, 17, 28000 earthly years), Human life span 10,000 years, Age of Knowledge, Meditation and Penance. Heavenly era.

The great sage Vishwamitra who meditated for 60,000 was seduced and disturbed by beautiful nymph Maneka and later they had a daughter named Shakuntla who was brought up by sage Kanva.

Treta Yug

3000 divine years (Silver age, 12, 96000 earthly tears) Human life span 1,000 years, Age of religion and morality, Semi heavenly era.

Lord Rama was born in Treta Yug to save God fearing religious people from the atrocities of Ravana

Dwaper Yug

2000 divine years (Copper age, 8, 64000 earthly years).Human life span 1000 years, Era of sins, greed, revenge, power accumulation, and deception.

Lord Krisha was born to end the unlawful actions, greed, passion and sins on many at that time.

Kali Yug

(Iron or Dark age, Present Era) 1000 divine years (4, 32000) Human life spans 100. The age of strife, discord, quarrel, contention, ego, sorrow, violent thought (aggression), jealousy, hatred, backbiting, fear, anger, lethargy, Sickness, frustration, physical and mental sufferings.

Kali Yug started on 18th February 3012 BCE (5000 years back). It is mentioned in the Vedic literatures that after finishing Kali Yug the cycle will restart from the Say Yug again. A year of peace, prosperity, love, compassion and humanity.